Legend has it that Emperor Akbar found a community from Kashmir to be so astute that he decreed that, henceforth, they would officially be known as ‘Pandits’ or the ‘learned ones’. Even if the story may be untrue, it has a ring of truth. As no other group in India—except may be the Parsis—has wielded as much clout as the Kashmiri Pandits, despite having a piffling population of less than a million.
The fascinating thing about them is not just their good looks, cuisine, culture or famed administrative skills. To a name buff like me, the stuff that I find most charming is their sophisticated surnames. I mean, who wouldn’t mind swapping their plain vanilla ‘Kumar’ or ‘Narayan’ for the important-sounding ‘Kaul’ or ‘Haksar’.
Interestingly, alth-ough the surnames carry the aura of a Brown Sahib, their origins are rather humble. ‘Nehru’ does not carry any blue blooded lineage. It simply means one who lives near the banks of a nehar (Kashmiri for canal). ‘Kauls’ are simply the progeny of the Mahakauls who were devotees of Lord Shiva. The exotic ‘Zutshi’ is a derivation of jyotishi (astrologer). The ‘Haksars’ are apparently emigrants from the village Hakchar in Baramulla.
The amusing part about Pandit surnames is that many draw their roots from nicknames linked to physical attributes of a forefather from the distant past. ‘Bambroo’, for example, is the nickname for a guy with a complexion as dark as a black bee (remember the Mission Kashmir song: Bumbro, bumbro, shyam rang bumbro?). ‘Mushran’ is the stereotypical big-built ugly man. ‘Handoo’ is for the farmhand who is fat like a sheep. ‘Hakhoo’ is thin and frail. ‘Kichloo’ is the bearded bloke. ‘Kachru’ is the red-haired chap. ‘Ganjoor’ is the bald-headed man. And ‘Shangloo’ is for the six-fingered one. So if Hrithik were from the Valley, he’d be Hrithik Shangloo instead of I-Can-Dance Roshan!
Like in the rest of the country, some surnames are occupational in nature. ‘Butt’ is the priestly class, ‘Munshi’ is an accountant, ‘Bhandari’ is a store manager, ‘Mattoo’ is one who manages a religious math and, if you’re wondering about Anupam Kher, the Khers are basically ‘Khars’—those who collect taxes from donkey drivers.
Found an interesting Kashmiri surname story? Share it with firstname.lastname@example.org.